The Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC) as part of its continuous efforts to improve its relationship with the communities in its operational area in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria designed a New Community Interface Model (NCIM) based on GMoU (Global Memorandum of Understanding) concept in 2006. This model proposed a Niger Delta characterized by safe, healthy, thriving and self-reliant communities capable of sustaining their developments and where SPDC would be a welcome and valued stakeholder. Under the implementing framework of this model:

  • About 1,200 SPDC host and impacted communities were grouped based on Local Government and / or historical (clan) affinity into about 67 clusters as approved by the relevant State Governments.
  • Communities through Community Trusts (CTs) would own and implement Community Development Plans that feed into LEEDS.
  • Cluster Development Boards (CDBs) would be the apex implementing body in each cluster and the chairman would be elected by the Board members
  • The Board of Trustees (BoT) would be the highest policy making body in each cluster and the chairman would be elected by the Trustees.
  • Global or Strategic MoU would be signed on a 5-year basis at cluster level, with the State Government as witnesses, to replace activities based MoUs with various communities.
  • SPDC would work with international, national and Local NGOs as well as consultants to build institutions and capacity of both CTs and CDBs, and provide technical assistance for projects implementation.
  • CTs would decide priority projects to be funded and present proposals to the CDB for approval based on agreed selection criteria by all parties.
  • Funding from SPDC, Government and other donors would be lodged in dedicated account for each cluster, approval and funding of projects by the CDB would be carried quarterly based on working performance reviews and unspent budgets would be carried over into the next year, following yearly audits.

Under this GMoU, the cluster would formulate Development Plans through the conduct of facilitated community self-assessment of local livelihoods situations including assets and challenges and the identification of appropriate activities to stimulate local development.
The information gathered as a result of the community sustainable Livelihoods Assessment, would serve as input for Cluster Development Plans which would be utilized as tools for accessing various kinds of support from donors, government, potential partners, investor, SPDC, NNPC and the likes.

The implementation of this model, which proposed an active involvement and participation of civil society organization for field level implementation and capacity building, had undergone various implementation stages. Whiles various preparatory activities at ensuring the successful launch of the GMoU model heightened in 2006, the actual GMoU implementation with some pilot clusters in Rivers State commenced in 2007 and it spread to Bayelsa State in 2008. As at December 2009, a total fifteen clusters made up of ten and five in Rivers and Bayelsa State respectively had been enjoying the dividends of the GMoU implementation especially in the areas of Human Capital Development Basic Services/Infrastructural provision and Economic Empowerment. The model has been able to successfully address vital developmental issues as well as create improved standard of living thereby alleviating poverty in all its ramifications.

The success recorded in the first fifteen clusters has led to the establishment of more clusters; the most recent which are Oporomor and Tarakiri cluster in Bayelsa State. Thus, in order to ensure effective monitoring of the GMoU process in Tarakiri clusters, a contractual agreement was reached between the SPDC and the Self Help and Rural Development Association (SHERDA) for the letter to undertaken the for a 12-month period in the first instance. In view of this, Tarakiri cluster which is made up of six (6) communities across two Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Bayelsa State to wit; Agbidiama, Ayamasa, Egbemo-Angalabiri and Isampou (Ekeremor LGA) Agbere and Ofoni (Sagbama LGA) was successfully inaugurated board meeting on Wednesday, April 14, 2010 after which various strategies and activities were undertaken by the cluster by SHERDA’s professional staff.

The Sustainable Livelihood Assessment (SLA) was conducted using triangulation of various data sources including secondary data and information gathered using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and SLA tools such as Transect Walks, Community Mapping, Focus Group Discussion (FGDs), Venn Diagram, Seasonal Calendars, Wealth Ranking, Problem Analysis and Observations as the field dynamics permitted.

  • Images From Completed Projects

    Provision of Landing Craft at Agbidiama Furnishing of Community Primary Schools 1 and 3 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Secondary School at Ofoni INTERIOR VIEW: Completed Corper's Lodge at Ofoni Completed Corper's Lodge at Ofoni INTERIOR VIEW: Tailoring Section of Renovated and Equipped Women Development Centre at Ayamasa Renovated Community Primary School 1 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Primary School 3 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Primary School 2 at Agbere

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