Agbidiama Community

Profile

Agbidiama literally mean “Agbidi town”. However, Agbidi translates to “Peace”, thus Agbidiama can be referred to as “Peaceful town”. It is an Ijaw community (in Tarakiri clan) in Ekeremor Local Government Area in Bayelsa State of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Agbidiama is about 1 hour 10 minutes and 3 hours by speed boat (water transportation) to Ekeremor (headquarters of Ekeremor Local Government Area) and Yenagoa (Bayelsa State capital) respectively. The community, which is an island, due to its accessibility by water only, is about 1 square kilometer in size (in dwelling) and it is made up of four quarters namely Ebipolo, Tonbini-polo, Monisobo-polo and Fuabo-polo and fifteen compounds respectively.

Agbidiama which is in Bayelsa West Senatorial District is located in the SPDC Opukushi and Tunu/Kambo flow stations as well as the Nigeria Agip Oil Company’s (NAOC) Clough creek flow station respectively. The community has oil wells, flow lines and pipeline among other oil facilities and it shares boundaries with Tamogbene, Azagbene, Egbesu-ware and Bilabiri in the North, South, East and West respectively.

Agbidiama is in fresh water mangrove forest agro-ecological zone of Nigeria. The community has sandy loam and clayey soil texture; the settlement is generally gentle slope susceptible to flooding, seaweeds, water and air pollution. Agbidiama has some levels of depleted of animal and plant species largely due to various human activities over the years. The community has nineteen creeks and ten rivers respectively. The community has bimodal or double maxima rainfall pattern spreading through late March to early November, that is, about eight month of annual rainfall.

Population, Social Structure and Institutions

The present estimated population of Agbidiama obtained from community sources is about 4,500 persons made up of 1,875 male and 2,625 female, that is, male/female ratio of 42:58. There are more children (≤ 17years) accounting for 1,904 or 42% of the population than the youths (18 – 45 years) and the adults (46 years and above) which constitute 1,558 (35%) and 1,038 (23%) respectively.

Agbidiama is about 98% indigenous community with the remaining 2% made up of other tribes across the country. Both men and women often contribute to the cost of maintaining the family.

An average of thirteen persons constitutes a family. Presently, polygamy is the more popular form of marriage in the community, although monogamy still accounts for some reasonable percentage of the marriage types. The divorce rate is relatively low, there are some cases of single parenthood and about 8% of the households in Agbidiama have female heads.

Agbidiama has nine (9) churches of various denominations, no mosque and four (4) shrines namely Okurugbolo, Egbesu, Aperetua and Oweikeneghan respectively. The community is made up of over 80% Christians and less than 20% African Traditional Religionists (ATRs). The community has two public cemeteries namely Duweidibibou and Seibou (evil forest). The predominant spoken languages are Izon, formal English Language and Pidgin English respectively. The time of the day and various occasions such as wedding, burial etc attract different greetings. The formal greetings for ‘Good Morning’, ‘Good Afternoon and ‘Good Evening’ translate to “Ibaideiya”, “Doo” and “Ihuboru deiya” respectively, “Ibodeiya” and “Imiekame” translate to “Welcome” and “Thank you”.

Furthermore, Agbidiama can boast of various social institutions categorized as NGOs, CBOs, Government Agencies and Private Sector.

Objectives

The Agbidiama people had undertaken a community-driven development planning process that focuses on livelihood security and the development of the community. This approach, recognized by development experts as international best practice, will assist the Agbidiama community members to develop the capacity to own and manage their own development programmes. Additionally, over time, it is expected that Tarakiri CDB will gain and develop skills and competency to attract external funds from diverse sources for their own development. The projects included in this five-year plan are consistent with the following log-term goals:

  • Systematic creation of a coherent, meaningful participation process by all inclusiveness:
  • Introduction of mechanisms that guarantee stakeholders’ participation and community control;
  • Shift from implementing discrete community project to financing integrated programmes based on community Development Plans (CDPs);
  • Shift from Community Development (CD) projects to Community Content Issues as major LTO drivers;
  • Alignment of human capital, capability buildings and institutional development at the community level with resource availability;
  • Promotion of peace and security
  • Shift from planning in isolation to alignment with current macro-level Development Framework, that is, linkage of development projects and programmes to National Development Policies such as NEEDS, SEEDS, LEEDS, NEPAD and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  • Assurance of sustainability of projects and environmental conservation;
  • Encouragement of transparency and accountability
  • Encouragement of learning and sharing

These benefits are the true test of the model and are what leads to sustainability of the process. The true goals of development are not just to increase or to improve health and educational infrastructure, but are the same as strengthening good governance and best practices, building of social capital and the empowerment of the poor and marginalized populations. These are the tools that will allow communities to continue to develop.

Methodology

The sustainable livelihoods approach is built upon a number of key assumptions. Firstly, household decision-making is complete and driven by multiple objectives. Secondly, households are creative and active development agents, not passive recipients of external technical knowledge and assistance. Therefore, it is necessary to gain access to a local understanding of the development and change process at the household level.

For the purpose of development planning, a community can be defined as “one or more households that share the same geographical space and common resources (land, water, places of worship, town halls, forests etc). These households may have lived together for many years or they may be recent arrivals, they may belong to the same ethnic group or a different one, and they may share the same livelihood or not”.

It is pertinent to state that following the successful inauguration of the Tarakiri cluster in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State capital on Wednesday, March 16, 2010 and the inaugural CDB meeting on Wednesday, April 14, 2010, various strategies and activities were undertaken by the stakeholders preparatory to the conduct of the Sustainable Livelihoods Assessment in the communities making up the cluster by SHERDA’s professional staff.

The Agbidiama Community Development Plan was based entirely on input generated through a Sustainable Livelihoods Assessment (SLA) of local livelihoods situations including assets, challenges and appropriate activities to stimulate development. The SLA was conducted using triangulation of various data sources including secondary data and information gathered using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and SLA tools such as transect walks, community mapping, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) Venn diagram, seasonal calendars, wealth ranking, problem analysis and observations as the field dynamics permitted.

Self Help and Rural Development Association (SHERDA) conducted the assessment in Agbidiama community in Tarakiri cluster between Tuesday 8th and Friday, 11th June, 2010 with the following staff members and facilitators:

Team Lead/Facilitator

  • Mr. John B. Jimoh

Co-Facilitators

  • Mr. Emmanuel Ejiroremu Gbakara
  • Ms. Jennifer Ebizimere Mohammed

Local Facilitators/Key informants

  • Mr. Ebike Dowei
  • Mr. Godwin Perezimere
  • Miss. Profit L. Fungewei
  • Miss. Ebidoumenere Patrick

Attendants at the community meetings during the SLA/CDP facilitation exercise are as follows:

  • Men – 18
  • Women – 57
  • Youth – 36
  • Total – 111

After the SLA field work was conducted and the first draft of the SLA and CDP written, the drafted SLA and CDP documents were shared with the Agbidiama CT with a view to perusing it, make comments and final inputs to the documents for authentication and final compilation. This reflection marked the commencement of the Community Development Planning process.

This CD Plan was facilitated by the Self Help and Rural Development Association (SHERDA) which conducted the development activities proposed by the people of Agbidiama community and ranked according to previously agreed value drivers. It is owned by the Agbidiama community, Agbidiama Community Trust and Tarakiri CDB.

Agbidiama Community Trust

  • Hon. Fungewei S. Emmanuel – Chairman
  • Mr. Dirinaghan D. Morocco – Vice Chairman
  • High Chief Ofoni N. Ebiama – Secretary
  • Mr. Simon Bassey – Treasurer
  • Msr. Fungewei Profit Jonathan – Financial Secretary
  • Mr. Dowei Ebike – Public Relations Officer
  • Mr. Godwin Perezimene – Member
  • Mr. Pofoki Amos – Member
  • Mr. Saturday Alah – Member
  • Ms. Patrick Ebidoumene – Member

  • Images From Completed Projects

    Provision of Landing Craft at Agbidiama Furnishing of Community Primary Schools 1 and 3 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Secondary School at Ofoni INTERIOR VIEW: Completed Corper's Lodge at Ofoni Completed Corper's Lodge at Ofoni INTERIOR VIEW: Tailoring Section of Renovated and Equipped Women Development Centre at Ayamasa Renovated Community Primary School 1 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Primary School 3 at Egbemo-Angalabiri Renovated Community Primary School 2 at Agbere
FacebookTwitterYouTube

Video Spotlight